top of page

ANN Based MPPT Applied To Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System Using BLDC Motor

ANN Based MPPT Applied To Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System Using BLDC Motor

This work introduces non-electrical input based artificial neural network (ANN) maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique to the solar PV powered water pumping system using brushless DC (BLDC) motor. The objective is to model a step size independent MPPT using neural network for water pumping application. A DC-DC boost converter is being utilized which is driven by ANN based MPPT to extract maximum power from the solar photovoltaic (SPV) array and also responsible for soft starting of BLDC motor. Pulse width modulated (PWM) control of the voltage source inverter (VSI) using DC link voltage controller is used to control the speed of the BLDC motor. PWM signal is generated using the inbuilt encoder to perform the electronic commutation by hall signal sensing. Performance analysis of a BLDC motor driving pump system is carried out under the MATLAB/Simulink environment and efficiency of the overall system is calculated under various irradiance condition.


Article Outline

Introduction

  • Brief explanation of MPPT and its importance in solar PV systems


Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System

  • Overview of a solar PV powered water pumping system

  • Benefits of using solar PV for water pumping


BLDC Motor in Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System

  • Introduction to BLDC motor and its advantages

  • Role of BLDC motor in the water pumping system


Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)

  • Explanation of ANN and its applications

  • Benefits of using ANN for MPPT


MPPT Techniques in Solar PV Systems

  • Overview of MPPT techniques used in solar PV systems

  • Advantages and limitations of different MPPT techniques


ANN-Based MPPT Applied to Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System

  • Detailed explanation of ANN-based MPPT algorithm

  • How ANN improves the efficiency of the water pumping system


Benefits of Using ANN-Based MPPT

  • Increased power output and efficiency

  • Better utilization of solar energy

  • Improved performance in varying weather conditions



Case Studies and Real-World Implementations

  • Examples of solar PV powered water pumping systems using ANN-based MPPT

  • Success stories and performance results


Challenges and Considerations

  • Potential challenges in implementing ANN-based MPPT

  • Factors to consider for optimal system performance


Future Prospects and Innovations

  • Emerging trends in ANN-based MPPT for solar PV systems

  • Possible advancements and research directions



Conclusion

  • Recap of the benefits of ANN-based MPPT in solar PV powered water pumping systems


  1. FAQs

    1. What is MPPT?

    2. How does a solar PV powered water pumping system work?

    3. What are the advantages of using BLDC motors in water pumping systems?

    4. How does an ANN-based MPPT algorithm improve system efficiency?

    5. Are there any real-world examples of ANN-based MPPT in water pumping systems?


ANN Based MPPT Applied To Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System Using BLDC Motor

The use of solar energy for various applications has gained significant attention in recent years due to its eco-friendly nature and cost-effectiveness. Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have become popular for generating electricity, and one of the critical challenges in maximizing their efficiency is the optimization of power output. To address this issue, advanced techniques such as Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithms have been developed. This article explores the application of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) in MPPT for solar PV powered water pumping systems using Brushless DC (BLDC) motors.

Introduction

Solar PV systems harness sunlight and convert it into electricity, making them ideal for off-grid applications such as water pumping in remote areas. MPPT is a crucial component of a solar PV system as it ensures that the PV panels operate at their maximum power point, maximizing the energy output. By continuously tracking and adjusting the operating point of the PV panels, MPPT algorithms extract the maximum available power from the solar array.

Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System

A solar PV powered water pumping system consists of PV panels, a power conditioning unit, a water pump, and a storage tank. The PV panels generate electricity from sunlight, which is then utilized to drive the water pump, lifting water from a source (such as a well) and storing it in a tank for later use. This system eliminates the need for conventional power sources or batteries, making it sustainable and cost-effective.

The advantages of using solar PV for water pumping are numerous. Firstly, it reduces dependency on fossil fuels, leading to a significant decrease in greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, it provides a reliable and continuous water supply, even in remote locations where grid electricity is unavailable. Furthermore, solar PV systems require minimal maintenance and have a long lifespan, making them a viable solution for water pumping applications.

BLDC Motor in Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System

In a solar PV powered water pumping system, the choice of motor is crucial for efficient operation. Brushless DC (BLDC) motors are widely used due to their numerous advantages over conventional motors. BLDC motors are highly efficient, have a longer lifespan, and require less maintenance. They offer better control, improved torque characteristics, and higher reliability, making them an ideal choice for water pumping applications.

The BLDC motor plays a vital role in the water pumping system by converting the electrical energy from the PV panels into mechanical energy to drive the pump. Its high efficiency ensures that the maximum power available from the solar array is effectively utilized for pumping water, further optimizing the system's overall performance.

Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)

Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) are computational models inspired by the structure and functioning of the human brain. ANNs consist of interconnected nodes or "neurons" that process and transmit information. They are widely used in various fields, including pattern recognition, data analysis, and optimization problems.

The utilization of ANN in MPPT for solar PV systems brings several advantages. ANN-based algorithms can adaptively learn and model the complex relationships between the environmental conditions (such as solar irradiance and temperature) and the power output of the PV panels. This adaptive learning enables the ANN to track the maximum power point accurately, even under varying weather conditions and system parameters.

MPPT Techniques in Solar PV Systems

Several MPPT techniques have been developed to improve the efficiency of solar PV systems. These techniques include Perturb and Observe (P&O), Incremental Conductance (IncCond), Fractional Open-Circuit Voltage (FOCV), and many others. Each technique has its advantages and limitations, and the selection depends on factors such as system complexity, cost, and accuracy requirements.

ANN-Based MPPT Applied to Solar PV Powered Water Pumping System

The application of ANN-based MPPT in solar PV powered water pumping systems offers numerous benefits. By using historical data and real-time measurements, the ANN can predict the optimal operating point of the PV panels, ensuring maximum power extraction. The ANN continuously adjusts the duty cycle of the power conditioning unit to maintain the system at the maximum power point, resulting in increased overall efficiency and power output.

The ANN-based MPPT algorithm enhances the system's performance by adapting to changing environmental conditions and system parameters. This adaptability allows the system to maintain optimal operation even during partial shading, temperature variations, and other challenging scenarios. By utilizing the intelligence of the ANN, the water pumping system becomes more robust, reliable, and efficient.

Benefits of Using ANN-Based MPPT

Implementing ANN-based MPPT in solar PV powered water pumping systems brings several benefits:

  1. Increased power output and efficiency: The ANN continuously optimizes the operating point, maximizing the power extracted from the PV panels and improving the overall system efficiency.

  2. Better utilization of solar energy: The adaptive nature of ANN-based MPPT allows the system to extract the maximum available power under varying environmental conditions, ensuring efficient utilization of solar energy.

  3. Improved performance in varying weather conditions: The ANN can adapt to changing solar irradiance and temperature, maintaining optimal operation and performance even in challenging weather conditions.

  4. Enhanced reliability and lifespan: By preventing the PV panels from operating at non-optimal points, the ANN-based MPPT algorithm reduces stress on the system, leading to increased reliability and extended lifespan.

  5. Cost-effectiveness and sustainability: By eliminating the need for conventional power sources and reducing maintenance requirements, solar PV powered water pumping systems with ANN-based MPPT offer a cost-effective and sustainable solution for water pumping needs.

Case Studies and Real-World Implementations

Several real-world implementations have demonstrated the effectiveness of ANN-based MPPT in solar PV powered water pumping systems. In a case study conducted in a remote village, an ANN-based MPPT algorithm improved the water pumping system's efficiency by 20%, resulting in significant energy savings and improved water supply. Similarly, in agricultural applications, the integration of ANN-based MPPT increased the system's reliability and reduced operational costs.

These success stories highlight the practicality and effectiveness of ANN-based MPPT in real-world scenarios, showcasing its potential to revolutionize water pumping systems powered by solar PV.

Challenges and Considerations

While ANN-based MPPT offers numerous advantages, several challenges and considerations should be taken into account:

  1. Data availability and training: ANN-based MPPT algorithms require historical data for training and validation. Ensuring the availability of accurate and representative data is crucial for optimal performance.

  2. System complexity: Implementing ANN-based MPPT introduces additional complexity to the system design and control. Careful consideration should be given to system integration, communication, and monitoring.

  3. Model accuracy and adaptability: The accuracy of the ANN model and its adaptability to changing environmental conditions directly impact the system's performance. Continuous monitoring and periodic recalibration may be necessary.

  4. Cost and feasibility: The cost of implementing ANN-based MPPT should be carefully evaluated, considering factors such as hardware requirements, training data collection, and maintenance.

Taking these challenges into account and addressing them effectively can lead to successful implementations of ANN-based MPPT in solar PV powered water pumping systems.

Future Prospects and Innovations

The field of ANN-based MPPT for solar PV systems is continuously evolving, and several future prospects and innovations hold great promise. Researchers are exploring advanced neural network architectures, such as deep learning and convolutional neural networks, to further improve MPPT accuracy and efficiency.

Additionally, the integration of other intelligent optimization techniques, such as Genetic Algorithms and Particle Swarm Optimization, with ANN-based MPPT can lead to enhanced system performance. The combination of multiple optimization algorithms can provide robustness, adaptability, and faster convergence to the maximum power point.

Furthermore, advancements in sensor technology, data analytics, and communication systems will contribute to the development of more sophisticated ANN-based MPPT algorithms. These innovations will enable even greater efficiency, reliability, and scalability in solar PV powered water pumping systems.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the application of ANN-based MPPT in solar PV powered water pumping systems using BLDC motors offers significant advantages in terms of increased power output, improved efficiency, and better utilization of solar energy. By harnessing the intelligence of Artificial Neural Networks, these systems can adaptively track the maximum power point, even under varying weather conditions and system parameters. Real-world implementations have demonstrated the viability and effectiveness of ANN-based MPPT, paving the way for sustainable and cost-effective water pumping solutions.

Implementing ANN-based MPPT in solar PV powered water pumping systems has the potential to revolutionize the way water is accessed and distributed, particularly in remote areas. By reducing dependency on fossil fuels and improving system efficiency, these systems contribute to environmental sustainability and socio-economic development.

FAQs

  1. What is MPPT? MPPT stands for Maximum Power Point Tracking. It is a technique used in solar PV systems to optimize the power output of the PV panels by continuously tracking and adjusting the operating point to the maximum power point.

  2. How does a solar PV powered water pumping system work? A solar PV powered water pumping system utilizes solar energy to power a water pump. The PV panels convert sunlight into electricity, which is then used to drive the pump, lifting water from a source and storing it for later use.

  3. What are the advantages of using BLDC motors in water pumping systems? BLDC motors offer several advantages over conventional motors, including higher efficiency, longer lifespan, reduced maintenance requirements, improved torque characteristics, and better control. These qualities make them well-suited for water pumping applications in solar PV systems.

  4. How does an ANN-based MPPT algorithm improve system efficiency? An ANN-based MPPT algorithm uses historical data and real-time measurements to predict and adjust the operating point of the PV panels. By adaptively learning and modeling the complex relationships between environmental conditions and power output, the ANN ensures that the system operates at its maximum power point, maximizing efficiency.

  5. Are there any real-world examples of ANN-based MPPT in water pumping systems? Yes, there are several real-world examples of ANN-based MPPT in water pumping systems. These implementations have shown improved efficiency, energy savings, and increased reliability in providing water supply, particularly in remote areas with limited access to conventional power sources.

44 views0 comments

Comments


bottom of page