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PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT for Solar PV system

PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT for Solar PV system

In this Work, an ANFIS technique using experimental data is designed for predicting the maximum power point of a photovoltaic array. An ANFIS model training strategy is challenging due to the variations in the training and the operation conditions of a photovoltaic system. In order to improve ANFIS model accuracy, the Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) algorithm is utilized to find the best topology and to calculate the optimum initial weights of the ANFIS model. Hence, the dilemma between computational time and the best-fitting regression of the ANFIS model is addressed, as well as the mean squared error being minimized. To evaluate the proposed method, a MATLAB/Simulink model for an installed photovoltaic system is developed. The results show that the optimized feedforward ANFIS technique based on the PSO algorithm using real data predicts the maximum power point accurately.

PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT for Solar PV System


In recent years, the demand for renewable energy sources has been steadily increasing, with solar photovoltaic (PV) systems emerging as a viable and sustainable solution. To ensure optimal performance and energy efficiency, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithms play a crucial role in solar PV systems. Among various MPPT techniques, the PSO (Particle Swarm Optimization) trained ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System) has gained significant attention due to its effectiveness and accuracy in extracting the maximum available power from solar panels. This article explores the concept of PSO trained ANFIS MPPT for solar PV systems and its benefits in enhancing the overall efficiency of renewable energy generation.

Table of Contents

What is Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)?

  • Understanding the importance of MPPT in solar PV systems.

Introducing PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT

  • The basics of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO).

  • The fundamentals of Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS).

  • Integration of PSO and ANFIS for MPPT in solar PV systems.

  1. Advantages of PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT

    • Improved energy extraction under varying environmental conditions.

    • Robustness and adaptability to system changes.

    • Increased system efficiency and overall performance.

Implementing PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT in Solar PV Systems

  • Hardware requirements and setup.

  • Software development and algorithm implementation.

  • Comparative analysis with other MPPT techniques.

Real-World Case Studies

  • Examining successful implementations of PSO trained ANFIS MPPT.

  • Analyzing performance metrics and results.

Future Prospects of PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT

  • Potential advancements and research directions.

  • Integration with emerging technologies in renewable energy.

Environmental Impact and Sustainability

  • Understanding the positive effects of PSO trained ANFIS MPPT on the environment.

  • Contributing to the global shift towards sustainable energy.

Introducing PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT

Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) is an essential feature of solar PV systems that allows them to operate at their highest efficiency by constantly adjusting the load to extract the maximum available power from the solar panels. Traditional MPPT techniques like Perturb and Observe (P&O) and Incremental Conductance (IncCond) have been widely used, but they may suffer from slow tracking speeds and accuracy issues, especially when dealing with rapidly changing environmental conditions.

The Basics of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)

PSO is a nature-inspired optimization technique based on the collective intelligence of a swarm of particles. Each particle represents a potential solution and explores the search space to find the optimal solution based on a fitness function. The particles communicate with each other, sharing information on the best solutions found, leading the entire swarm towards the most promising regions of the search space.

The Fundamentals of Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS)

ANFIS is a hybrid computational model that combines fuzzy logic and neural networks to create a powerful decision-making system. Fuzzy logic handles imprecise and uncertain information, while neural networks are responsible for learning and adapting to patterns in the data. ANFIS is capable of approximating complex functions and mapping inputs to outputs efficiently.

Integration of PSO and ANFIS for MPPT in Solar PV Systems

By integrating PSO with ANFIS, we can create a robust and adaptive MPPT algorithm for solar PV systems. The PSO algorithm optimizes the parameters of the ANFIS model to track the maximum power point accurately, even under rapidly changing atmospheric conditions. This combined approach ensures superior tracking performance compared to traditional MPPT techniques.

Advantages of PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT

Improved Energy Extraction under Varying Environmental Conditions

The PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm can swiftly and accurately respond to changes in solar irradiance and temperature, maximizing energy extraction from the PV panels. This capability significantly improves the overall energy yield of the solar PV system, making it highly efficient.

Robustness and Adaptability to System Changes

Traditional MPPT methods may struggle when dealing with partial shading or sudden changes in environmental conditions. However, the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT excels in such scenarios due to its adaptive nature and robustness, ensuring optimal performance even in challenging conditions.

Increased System Efficiency and Overall Performance

The superior tracking speed and accuracy of the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT translate to improved system efficiency and enhanced overall performance. This not only benefits individual users but also contributes to the grid's stability by injecting higher-quality power.

Implementing PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT in Solar PV Systems

Hardware Requirements and Setup

To implement the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm, a solar charge controller capable of dynamic parameter adjustment is required. Additionally, a microcontroller or a programmable logic controller (PLC) will be needed to execute the algorithm and control the power electronics.

Software Development and Algorithm Implementation

The PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm can be implemented using various programming languages like Python or MATLAB. The software development process involves integrating the PSO and ANFIS algorithms and interfacing with the hardware components.

Comparative Analysis with Other MPPT Techniques

To evaluate the effectiveness of the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT, a comparative analysis can be conducted against traditional MPPT techniques like P&O and IncCond. Real-world data can be used to simulate various operating conditions and measure the performance of each method.

Real-World Case Studies

To gain deeper insights into the practical application of PSO trained ANFIS MPPT, let's explore some real-world case studies:

Case Study 1: Residential Solar PV System

In this case study, a residential solar PV system was equipped with the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm. The system demonstrated higher energy production compared to traditional MPPT methods, leading to substantial savings on the electricity bill.

Case Study 2: Industrial Solar PV Plant

An industrial solar PV plant integrated the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm into its grid-tied inverters. The enhanced efficiency resulted in a significant reduction in the plant's carbon footprint, aligning with their sustainability goals.

Future Prospects of PSO Trained ANFIS MPPT

Potential Advancements and Research Directions

As technology continues to advance, further research and development can lead to more sophisticated and efficient MPPT algorithms. Fine-tuning the PSO parameters, exploring different fuzzy logic strategies, and incorporating machine learning techniques are potential areas for improvement.

Integration with Emerging Technologies in Renewable Energy

The integration of PSO trained ANFIS MPPT with energy storage systems, smart grids, and blockchain-based energy trading platforms presents exciting possibilities for the future of renewable energy utilization. Such integrations can revolutionize the way solar energy is generated, stored, and distributed.

Environmental Impact and Sustainability

The adoption of PSO trained ANFIS MPPT in solar PV systems is a significant step towards environmental conservation and sustainability. By maximizing the energy extracted from solar panels, this advanced MPPT algorithm reduces the reliance on fossil fuels, minimizing greenhouse gas emissions, and preserving the planet for future generations.


The PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm represents a cutting-edge approach to enhance the performance and efficiency of solar PV systems. Through the integration of Particle Swarm Optimization and Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System, this advanced MPPT technique can adapt to changing environmental conditions and optimize energy extraction. By implementing PSO trained ANFIS MPPT in real-world applications, we can accelerate the adoption of renewable energy and contribute to a greener and more sustainable future.


  1. Is PSO trained ANFIS MPPT suitable for all types of solar PV systems? Yes, the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm can be adapted to various solar PV system configurations, making it suitable for residential, commercial, and industrial applications.

  2. What are the key factors affecting the performance of the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm? The performance of the algorithm depends on the accuracy of solar irradiance and temperature measurements, as well as the proper calibration of the PSO and ANFIS parameters.

  3. Can the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm work with multiple strings of solar panels? Yes, the algorithm can be extended to handle multiple strings of solar panels, optimizing energy extraction from each string separately.

  4. How does the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT compare to traditional MPPT techniques in terms of cost? While the initial implementation may have slightly higher costs due to the need for dynamic parameter adjustment, the long-term benefits in energy savings outweigh the initial investment.

  5. Is it necessary to have an internet connection for the PSO trained ANFIS MPPT algorithm to function? No, the algorithm operates locally within the solar PV system and does not require an internet connection for its core functionality.

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