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Solar PV Battery Powered Electric Vehicle in MATLAB

Solar PV Battery Powered Electric Vehicle in MATLAB

In today’s discussion, we delve into the simulation model of a solar-powered, battery-driven electric vehicle, examining its intricate components and functionalities.

Components of the Electric Vehicle

The electric vehicle encompasses various critical elements, including the local load, typically involving lamp or AC loads. Additionally, the vehicle incorporates a BLDC motor drive that powers the transmission, comprising a voltage source inverter, BLDC motor, and closed-loop speed control.

Control Mechanisms and Power Regulation

The system allows for the measurement of the actual speed of the BLDC motor, comparing it to the drive cycle command. A Proportional-Integral (PI) controller processes the comparison and generates an error signal, crucial for closed-loop control. The system's operation further involves a voltage source inverter to manage the BLDC motor's power and speed effectively.

Solar Power Integration

An integral part of the setup involves a solar PV system powered by a 2000 Watts PV panel. The system optimizes power generation through an MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) algorithm, crucial for extracting maximum power from the PV array under varying irradiation conditions.

Battery Energy Storage System

The system is equipped with a battery energy storage system connected to the common DC bus via a bidirectional converter. This converter ensures a balance in power flow, allowing the battery to charge when excess power is available and discharge to supply power when needed.

Performance Evaluation and Model Testing

The system's performance is thoroughly examined under different irradiation scenarios. By varying irradiation levels, the system's response, particularly PV power generation, battery charging/discharging, and electric vehicle performance, is observed, ensuring an adaptive and effective operation.

Results and Future Insights

As the model is submitted for analysis, the results indicate the dynamic response of the PV power generation and the electric vehicle's behavior under different irradiation conditions. The battery's role in maintaining power balance is evident, adapting to power requirements for efficient operation.


This overview provides a comprehensive insight into the solar-powered electric vehicle model's functionalities and adaptability to varying environmental conditions. The interplay between solar power, battery storage, and efficient power regulation underscores the potential for sustainable energy solutions in the realm of transportation.

This blog post highlights the technological aspects of the solar-powered electric vehicle and offers a glimpse into its promising future in eco-friendly transportation solutions.

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